ارائه‌ی الگویی برای منبع یابی در شرکت‌های تولیدی با ترکیب روش‌های دیمتل، فرایند تحلیل شبکه‌ای و پرامتی (موردمطالعه: کارخانه ایران‌خودرو دیزل)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناسی‌ارشد مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

10.22105/dmor.2020.229586.1148

چکیده

یکی از چالش­های مدیران برای انتخاب راهبرد مناسب منبع یابی، تصمیم‌گیری در خصوص ساخت یا برون‌سپاری اقلام است. امروزه علاوه بر دو رویکرد موجود، گزینه منبع یابی هم‌زمان به تصمیم‌گیری مدیران اضافه ‌شده است. در این تحقیق، به‌منظور تعیین راهبرد مناسب منبع یابی، ابتدا 25 قلم کالای سبد تأمین شرکت ایران‌خودرو دیزل بر مبنای الگوی سبدی مدیریت تأمین کرالجیک که از پر استنادترین الگوهای مدیریت تأمین است، در چهار گروه دسته‌بندی شدند. سپس 39 معیار تأثیرگذار بر منبع‌یابی بر اساس سه الگوی "مدیریت ریسک"، "نظریه منبع پایه" و "نظریه هزینه مبادله" شناسایی گردیدند. معیارهای شناسایی‌ شده با استفاده از آزمون فرضیه فازی غربال و بومی شدند تا در نهایت 15 معیار انتخاب گردید. در گام بعدی، روابط بین معیارها با رویکرد دیمتل مشخص شدند. سپس وزن هر معیار با روش فرآیند تحلیل شبکه­ای تعیین گردید. در پایان، با استفاده از روش پرامتی راهبرد مناسب منبع یابی برای هر گروه از اقلام تجویز شد و نتایج با دستورالعمل­های کرالجیک مقایسه شدند. بهترین راهبرد منبع یابی برای گروه کالاهای استراتژیک ساخت داخلی آن است، درصورتی‌که کالاهای اهرمی و غیر بحرانی بهتر است برون‌سپاری و کالاهای گلوگاهی بهتر است منبع یابی هم‌زمان شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing a model for sourcing in manufacturing companies by combining DEMATEL, ANP, and PROMETHEE methods.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jahanyar Bamdad Soofi 1
  • Samin Saeidpour 2
  • Fatemeh Mohammadnezhad Chari 3
1 Assitant Profosor of Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Phd Student, of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Developing the right sourcing strategy in corporate supply management is so critical for today's executive managers. Manufacturers must be aware of the complexities and risks of sourcing at a competitive cost to ensure the availability of long-term materials and components. They have to deal with uncertainty and supply/price trade-off. This can lead to a variety of supply strategies including concurrent outsourcing in addition to the strategy of sourcing. After classifying the selected items on the basis of Kraljic supply portfolio model, 39 factors affecting sourcing were identified according to three approaches concerning “risk management”, “Resource Base View” and “Transactional Cost Theory”. Then the above-mentioned factors were screened and localized according to the Fuzzy hypothesis test questionnaire and finally, 15 criteria were selected. In the next step, the relationships obtained from the DEMATEL method were used for the Analytic Network Process to determine the weight of each indicator. Then, according to the weight of each indicator, the decision was made on how to supply each group of items through the PROMETHEE questionnaire and the results were compared with Kraljic instructions. Finally, according to the results, the relevant strategies of sourcing were suggested based on Kraljic model. The best strategy for the group of “strategic goods” was related to internal production. If the goods are classified on the group of “leveraged and non-critical” it will be better to outsource. Finally, the most suitable strategy for the group of “bottleneck goods” is concurrent sourcing.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sourcing
  • Supply management
  • MADM Methods
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