نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت صنعتی- تولید و عملیات، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.

2 گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: سازمان‌های تجاری و صنعتی در سراسر جهان در معرض تهدید شدید ناپایداری قرار دارند. مسایل ناپایداری به دلیل اختلال‌های محیطی مانند تغییرات آب‌وهوا، گرم شدن کره زمین، کمبود منابع و تخریب اکولوژیکی ناشی می‌شود. زنجیره‌تامین‌دایره‌ای در چند سال اخیر شتاب بیش‌تری به‌دست آورده است و به‌عنوان یکی از رویکردهای پایدار و نوآورانه برای صنعت تولید عمل می‌کند. پذیرش زنجیره‌تامین دایره‌ای جنبه‌های اجتماعی، اقتصادی و زیست‌محیطی سیستم تولید و زنجیره‌تامین را افزایش می‌دهد. با این‌حال، تحقیقات بسیار کمی در مورد شناسایی و کاوش چالش‌های متعدد برای اجرای زنجیره‌تامین دایره‌ای در کشورهای درحال‌توسعه، انجام‌شده است؛ بنابراین، هدف این تحقیق بررسی و ارزیابی چالش‌های اجرای زنجیره‌تامین دایره‌ای در بخش تولید است.
روش‌شناسی پژوهش: این پژوهش تکنیک سوآرا فازی فیثاغورثی (PF-SWARA) را پیشنهاد می‌کند. این تکنیک برای اولویت‌بندی چالش‌های پذیرش زنجیره‌تامین دایره‌ای بر اساس اهمیت نسبی آن‌ها استفاده می‌شود. روش پیشنهادی در صنعت داروسازی-استان گیلان مورداستفاده قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: در نتایج نهایی پژوهش، چالش‌های استراتژیک (SCs) و چالش‌های عملیاتی و زیست‌محیطی در اولویت قرار گرفته‌اند.
اصالت/ارزش‌افزوده علمی: این پژوهش به‌عنوان گامی برای دست‌اندرکاران صنعت به‌منظور اتخاذ کارآمد و موثر زنجیره‌تامین دایره‌ای عمل می‌کند.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and ranking the circular supply chain implementation challenges using pythagorean fuzzy SWARA approach (case of study: pharmaceutical industry of Guilan province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samaneh Rash 1
  • Mostafa Ebrahimpour Azbari 2
  • Mohammad Rahim Ramazanian 2

1 Department of Industrial Management - Production and Operations, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

2 Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Purpose: Commercial and industrial organizations worldwide are under severe threat of instability. Unsustainability issues arise because of environmental disturbances such as climate change, global warming, resource scarcity, and ecological degradation. Circular Supply Chain (CSC) has gained momentum in recent years and serves as one of the most sustainable and innovative approaches to the manufacturing industry. Adoption of the CSC increases the social, economic, and environmental aspects of the production system and the supply chain. However, researchers have conducted significantly less research on identifying and exploring the multiple challenges to implementing CSC in developing countries. Therefore, this research investigates and evaluates the challenges of CSC implementation in the production sector. We have identified 29 CSC challenges in the literature review.
Methodology: The research proposes the Pythagorean Fuzzy SWARA (PF-SWARA) technique. This technique prioritizes CSC adoption challenges based on their relative importance. We used the proposed method in the pharmaceutical industry of the Guilan province.
Findings: In the final results of the research, Strategic Challenges (SCs) and operational and environmental challenges are prioritized.
Originality/Value: This research serves as a step for industry practitioners to efficiently and effectively adopt a CSC.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Implementation challenges in developing countries
  • Circular supply chain
  • Fuzzy-Pythagorean cycle
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