نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران.

2 گروه تحقیق در عملیات، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

10.22105/dmor.2021.277066.1336

چکیده

هدف: امروزه ظهور تکنولوژی بلاک‌چین نحوه انجام معاملات تجاری، اندازه و حوزه‌های مختلف سازمان‌ها را دگرگون ساخته است. یکی از این حوزه‌ها زنجیره تأمین است که دارای ذی‌نفعان متعددی بوده و بلاک‌چین با ویژگی‌های خاص خود پاسخی مؤثر به چالش‌های متنوع این حوزه است. پیادهسازی این تکنولوژی همانند سایر تکنولوژی‌ها دارای چالش‌های زیادی است. ازاین‌رو برای استفاده اثربخش از بلاک‌چین، این چالش‌ها باید به‌دقت شناسایی و تجزیه‌وتحلیل شوند تا تأثیرات منفی آن‌ها به حداقل برسند. در این راستا هدف پژوهش حاضر شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی چالش‌های پیادهسازی تکنولوژی بلاک‌چین در زنجیره تأمین بر پایه روش BWM بیزین به‌عنوان یکی از نوین‌ترین روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چندشاخصه گروهی است.
روش‌شناسی پژوهش: در ابتدا پس از بررسی ادبیات پژوهش، چالش‌ها شناسایی شدند. سپس با بهره‌گیری از روش BWM بیزین به تعیین اهمیت این چالش‌ها در مورد مطالعاتی پرداخته شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج حاکی از آن بود که چالش‌های امنیت، فنی و سازمانی به ترتیب مهم‌ترین چالش‌های شرکت در پیاده‌سازی این تکنولوژی هستند. همچنین در بین تمامی زیرشاخص‌های چالش‌های پژوهش، زیرشاخص‌های مقیاس‌پذیری ضعیف، حریم خصوصی/ محرمانه بودن اطلاعات و حملات سایبری به ترتیب از بالاترین اهمیت برخوردار بودند.
اصالت/ارزش‌افزوده علمی: در این پژوهش به بررسی چالش‌های فناوری بلاک‌چین به‌عنوان یک فناوری نوین در زنجیره‌های تأمین با بهره‌گیری از یکی از نوین‌ترین روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چندشاخصه گروهی (BWM بیزین) پرداخته شد و بر اساس نتایج پژوهش، پیشنهادهای اجرایی و پژوهشی ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and Prioritizing Challenges of Implementing Blockchain Technology in the Supply Chain: A Bayesian BWM Group-Based Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyedeh Fatemeh Aghajani Mir 1
  • Fatemeh Zahra Rajabi kafshgar 1
  • Alireza Arab 2

1 Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran.

2 Department of Operations Research, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Purpose: Today, the advent of blockchain technology has changed the way businesses do business, the size and scope of different organizations. One of these areas is the supply chain, which has many stakeholders, and blockchain, with its unique features, effectively responds to the various challenges in this area. Implementing this technology, like other technologies, has many challenges. Hence, these challenges must be carefully identified and analyzed to minimize their adverse impacts to use this technology effectively. In this regard, the present study aims to identify and prioritize the challenges of implementing blockchain technology in the supply chain based on the Bayesian BWM as one of the newest multiple attribute group decision-making methods.
Methodology: At first, after reviewing the research literature, the challenges were identified. Then, the Bayesian BWM method determined the importance of these challenges in the case study.
Findings: The results showed that security, technical and organizational challenges are the most important challenges for the company in implementing this technology, respectively. Also, among all sub-indicators of research challenges, poor scalability, privacy/confidentiality of the information, and cyberattacks have the most importance, respectively.
Originality/Value: This study studied the challenges of implementing blockchain technology as a new technology in supply chains using one of the newest multiple attribute group decision-making methods (Bayesian BWM). Based on the research results, practical and research suggestions were presented

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blockchain
  • challenge
  • multiple attribute decision-making
  • Bayesian BWM
  • Supply chain
  • Scalability
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