نوع مقاله : مقاله کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مکانیک، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران.

2 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه فنی مهندسی گلپایگان، گلپایگان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش پیش­رو  هدف دارد تا چارچوبی برای ارزیابی عملکرد پروژه­های کلان بر اساس ابعاد پایداری و با رویکرد چابکی با استفاده از تحلیل پوششی داده­ها، ‌ارائه نماید.
روش‌شناسی پژوهش: بدین منظور، شاخص‌های پایداری، چابکی در مدیریت پروژه و عوامل اصلی موفقیت در مدیریت‌پروژه، شناسایی می‌شود. با محاسبه‌ی عدد کارایی پروژه‌های کلان در هر یک از ابعاد پایداری شامل رویکرد اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست‌محیطی، کارایی هر پروژه در رویکرد پایداری و با رسم نمودار ناحیه‌بندی شده مبتنی بر کارایی پروژه‌ها در رویکرد چابکی و عوامل اصلی موفقیت در مدیریت پروژه، عملکرد پروژه‌ها در این دو رویکرد بررسی می‌گردد. روش ارائه شده، در شهرداری اصفهان و برای پروژه‌های کلان حل شده است.
یافته ها: نمودار و نتایج کارایی در رویکرد پایداری نشان می‌دهد تنها 3 پروژه از 27 در هر سه رویکرد کارا است. علاوه بر آن، تحویل محصول/خدمت در کمترین زمان، تحویل ارزش به مشتری با توسعه‌ چابکی در مدیریت‌پروژه است. همچنین، برای حفاظت از منابع برای نسل‌های آتی، مدیر پروژه با تخصیص منابع مالی و اجتماعی، آثار زیست‌محیطی پروژه را در جهت توسعه‌ ‌پایدار کنترل نموده که به معنای پاسخ‌گویی موثر و کارا به مشتری در عین پیروی از الزامات توسعه‌ پایدار است.
اصالت/ارزش افزوده علمی:  پروژه به‌عنوان یک سازمان موقت باید به‌گونه‌ای مدیریت شود که ضمن انطباق با تغییرات و چابک بودن در پاسخ­گویی، دامنه­ی زمان، هزینه و کیفیت را نیز برای تحویل محصول یا خدمت ایجادشده حفظ نماید. چابکی به‌عنوان یک رویکرد برای تحقق، دست­یابی و حفظ رقابت­پذیری، در محیط متغیر و غیرقابل‌پیش‌بینی مطرح‌شده است و بر تأمین نیاز مشتری تأکید دارد، درحالی‌که پایداری بر کاهش آثار نامطلوب ناشی از تأمین خواسته­های مشتریان متمرکز است. ادغام این دو مفهوم در بحث مدیریت پروژه، منجر به کارایی و توفیق پروژه در ابعادی فراگیر خواهد شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of large projects based on sustainability dimensions and with an agility approach using data envelopment analysis; case study of large projects of Isfahan Municipality

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Reza Tahanian 1
  • Hasan Haleh 2
  • Farhad Etebari 1
  • Behnam Vahdani 1

1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Golpayegan University of Technology, Golpayegan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Purpose: The current study aims to provide a framework for evaluating the large projects based on the sustainability dimensions and with agility approach using data envelopment analysis.
Methodology: To this end, sustainability indicators, agility indices in project management and project management critical success factors are identified. By calculating the large projects efficiency numbers in each of attitudes include financial, social and environmental, three dimensions of sustainability and by drawing a regional graph based on the projects’ efficiency numbers in both attitudes of agiliy and project management critical success factors, the project performance is studied in both attitudes. 
Findings: Graphs and efficiency results in sustainability attutudes show that among 27 projects, just three projects are efficient in all three attitudes. In addidtion, to deliver product/service in the shortest time is the meaning of delivering value to the customer with extending the agility in project management. Also, to protect the resources for the next generation, project manager can dedicate the financial and social resources in order to control the environmental impacts of the projects in parallel with the sustainable development principles which which can be translated to be responding efficiently and effectively to the customers while meeting the requirements of the sustainable development. 
Originality/Value: The project as a temprory organization should be managed in such a way that while adapting to the changes and being agile in responsiveness, it also keeps the time range, cost and qulity for delivering the created product/service. Agility has been proposed as an approach to gain and keep the competitiveness in a changing and unpredictable environment and it focuses on meeting customers needs while sustainability attitude does focus on the reduction of the udesireable affects of the meeting customers demands. To integrate these two concepts in the field of project management leads to the efficiency and success of the project, comprehensively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • project management
  • Agility
  • Sustainability
  • Data Envelopment Analysis
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