بازیافت-مسیریابی-موجودی پویای چندهدفه برای دارو‌های مختلف با در نظر گرفتن تخفیف در زنجیره تامین حلقه بسته

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی‌ و ‌مهندسی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

10.22105/dmor.2020.237709.1170

چکیده

 این پژوهش، یک شبکه زنجیره تأمین حلقه بسته اقلام دارویی شامل یک دارو­سازی، مرکز توزیع، مرکز بازیافت و تعدادی داروخانه مدنظر است که در آن دو نوع مسیریابی انجام می­گیرد. نوع اول شامل مسیریابی وسایل نقلیه بین مرکز توزیع و داروخانه­هاست و نوع دوم به مسیریابی وسایل نقلیه مرکز بازیافت و کلیه مراکز مرتبط می­گردد. در این مسئله داروهای یخچالی و غیریخچالی در نظر گرفته شده است که مرکز توزیع می­تواند با توجه به میزان تقاضا­های متفاوت برای دوره­های متفاوت تخفیفاتی را در نظر بگیرد. علاوه بر این، مرکز توزیع دارو می­تواند به دلایلی نظیر وقوع بحران­هایی مثل زلزله، سیل و ... یا شیوع بیماری­های مسری همچون کرونا از طریق اجاره انبارهای بیشتر، ظرفیت خود را افزایش دهد. همچنین، این مسئله شامل دو هدف حداقل کردن هزینه­ها و کاهش میزان آلایندگی­های زیست‌محیطی ناشی از انتشار دی­اکسید کربن است. مسئله موردنظر در بعد کوچک با روش اپسیلون محدودیت و در بعد بزرگ با دو الگوریتم هیبریدی فرا­ابتکاری به نام­های فوردیس­وبستر- ژنتیک مرتب­سازی نامغلوب نوع 2(NSGAII-FW) و شبیه­سازی تبرید چند­هدفه (MOSA) حل شده است و توسط معیارهای مختلف مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفته است. لازم به ذکر است که الگوریتم هیبریدی فرا­ابتکاری NSGAII-FW برمبنای الگوریتم ابتکاری فوردیس وبستر برای مسائل موجودی و الگوریتم فراابتکاری ژنتیک مرتب­سازی نامغلوب نوع 2 (معمولاً مناسب برای مسائل چند­هدفه) ابداع شده است. نتایج محاسباتی و مقایسات نشان می­دهند که الگوریتم NSGA II-FWکاراتر از الگوریتم MOSA است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Multi-objective dynamic recycling-routing-inventory for different pharmaceutical items with considering discount in a closed-loop supply chain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samira Kiani 1
  • Parvaneh Samouei 2
1 Msc, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In this paper, a closed-loop supply chain for pharmaceutical items consists of a pharmacy, a distribution center, a recycling center and several pharmacy sites is considered in which two types of routing are performed. The first involves the routing of vehicles between the distribution center and the pharmacies, and the second involves the routing of vehicles to the recycling center and all nodes. Two types of pharmaceutical items are considered for this purpose, and their demand varies for different periods. The distribution center can offer discounts depending on the pharmacy orders. In addition, the distribution center can increase its capacity by renting more warehouses. Also, we have two objective functions: minimizing costs and environmental pollutants caused by carbon dioxide emissions. This problem is solved in the small-sized problem by the Epsilon constraint method and in the large cases by two hybrid algorithms based on the Fordyce-Webster algorithms and NSGAII-FW and MOSA and evaluated by different criteria. The computational results show that the NSGAII-FW algorithm is more efficient than the MOSA algorithm.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Closed-loop supply chain
  • Discount
  • Recycling-Routing-Inventory NSGA-II-FW
  • MOSA
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