عنوان مقاله [English]
economic development of countries is associated with development of high technologies. So policy making for these technologies is one of the most important interests of policy makers. Technological innovation system, as a most important approaches in technology policy, has developed increasingly. Therefore, identification of the most important dimensions in this field to propose policy interventions for development of high technologies is credential. We used metasynthesis to integrate and combine previous studies in the field. The research Statistical population is 280 document with the keyword of technological innovation system in scopus database until end of 2018.at the end, contributions of 52 article used in the final framework.
In order to evaluate the quality of the research, we used Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) method. Also, kappa index used to verify the reliability of the research. Regard to developing the framework by using the elements of previous frameworks, the framework has content validity. Also the content validated by 5 experts in innovation study field. We propose the comprehensive framework of TIS with 10 dimensions and 102 activities. The main dimensions are: development, exchange and diffusion of knowledge, entrepreneurial activities, guidance of search, market formation, resource mobilization, legitimation, policy and coordination, creating structure, weaken the regime, exploit the regime. Also, attention to the context and using the contingent view to response the opportunities and threats was proposed as complementary to the framework. developing high technologies is a very complex and multi-dimensional issue which requires to identify the dynamics of innovation systems. One dimensional perspective to technology development and mere attention to knowledge creation and R&D, would not lead to technology development. Therefore, in order to policy in this field, attention to dimensions and elements which is identified in this study could be very useful.